The birth and further evolution of this iconic High End range has been inspired by our continuous quest for design perfection.

Since its inception in 2005 the Reference series has always been a showcase of our cutting-edge technologies like FTDA® conductor damping method (Patent RU No.124834U), SATI® conductor insulation (Patent RU No.124832U) and X-Shield® SE (Super Efficiency) - the latest modification of the Multi-Element Shielding System (Patent RU No.124835U).
Another epoch-making innovation, pioneered in 2016, is the Distributed Symmetric Conductor - DSC (Patent RU No.2652382U). This unique architecture enables the highest possible group wave speed, low irradiation and better noise immunity up to 20-40dB compared to an ordinary conductor. The symmetrical spatial conductor straddling decreases cable distributed capacitance and guarantees near-to-ideal energy transmission, which result in dynamic range extension, awesome full frequency range definition and fastest transient impact. Soundstage and imaging focus are top-notch. Exceptional flexibility derived from a scaled-down outer diameter makes the installation easy and esthetic.
Sophisticated jacketing with the thermoplastic polyurethane Elastollan® is the major distinctive feature of the Reference series. Developed by BASF, Elastollan® exemplifies high elasticity, dielectric long-term stability, exceptional vibration absorption, as well as excellent resistance to abrasions, tears, temperature fluctuations, and aggressive chemicals.
After two decades of intensive research and numerous listening tests we now offer the state-of-the-art Reference products with every facet of their construction totally focused on boosting the performance. Sharing some technical DNA with the flagship Ultimate range, Reference cables offer the level of musical fidelity that is second only to their Ultimate counterparts for about half of their cost.